For those who are searching for the best destination for their vacation, traveling to marine national parks in Indonesia can be a great decision. Enjoying Indonesia’s marine life is one of the best tourist activity that will help everyone relieve their stress. The beauty offered by these parks will surely become a precious experience in your life.
- TelukCendrawasih National Park: in 2002, this national park was established by Indonesia’s Ministry of Forestry, after being designated in 1993. It is claimed to be the biggest marine national park of the country. Its location is near Bird’s Head Peninsula, at Cendrawasih Bay to be exact. The nearest city form this national park is Manokwari, West Papua. This national park has been considered as a possible World Heritage Site thanks to its marine ecosystem’s diversity, with more than 150 coral species recorded. It includes several smaller islands, such as Roon, Nusrowi, Mioswaar, Yoop, and Rumberpon.
- Taka Bonerate National Park: this national marine park was given protection status of national park by Indonesia’s Ministry of Forestry in 1992. This national park is a part of South Sulawesi Province, located in Flores Sea, Selayar Regency. The atoll, as the main ecological significance, has approximately 244 mollusc species, 261 coral species, 295 coral fish species, and other creatures such as green turtle, hawksbill turtle, and Pacific riddle turtle. Due to its high biodiversity, both bird and marine life, UNESCO appointed this national park as one of the World Network of Biosphere in 2015.
- Bunaken National Park: established by Indonesia’s Ministry of Environment and Forestry in 1991, this national park became one of the pioneer of marine park’s developing systems in Indonesia. It provides habitat for over 390 coral species and other marine creatures such as reptile, marine mammal, fish, and mollusc, thanks to its location that is near the middle of Coral Triangle at northern Sulawesi Island. It also becomes the representatives of tropical marine ecosystems in Indonesia with its coral reef, coastal ecosystems, and seagrass plain. It has 5 main islands, including Siladen, Bunaken, Nain, Manado Tua, and Mantehage.
- Karimunjawa National Park: located 80 km from at Jepara Regency’s northwest, this national park was established as Marine Protection Area in 2001 by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry of Indonesia. Since then, it has been a famous tourist destination due to its stunning coral reefs and white sandy beach. It also provides various things to do, such as learning traditions and customs of local Karimunjava community, exploring and climbing the hills, and also visiting SunanNyamplungan Cemetery. SunanNyamplungan, Sunan Kudus’ nephew, was believed by locals to be the one who discover the archipelago.
The list on previous paragraph are several recommended Indonesia’s marine national parks that you can visit during your vacation. You do not have to worry about choosing these national parks as your holiday destination, because these parks will give you unforgettable experience and memories for your dream vacation.